Brazil is where the most famous tropical forest in the world is located. The Amazon rainforest is the world’s biggest tropical forest and most ecologically diverse environment. It contains more than half of the total area of tropical forests in the world, covering approximately 2.5 million square miles of land. But this lush forest is in the midst of a crisis due to deforestation. This worries a lot of environmental welfare groups because the Amazon is where you can find a bulk of the world’s flora and fauna. If you trek through the forest, you will find an awesome collection of vegetation and wildlife, many of which are vulnerable to even the minor changes in the environment.a
The Amazon is vanishing at a shocking rate, just as most rainforests in the world are. The Amazon used to cover 14% of the world’s surface, but now it has shrunk to only 6%, meaning, more than half of the forest has been destroyed. Commercial logging (both legal and illegal) is the main cause of this major loss of forest area. Trees are cut for farming and cattle grazing. Approximately two hundred thousand square miles of forest in the Amazon is lost each year. If the present Amazon rainforest deforestation rate continues, experts fear that in less than half a century, the Amazon rainforest will be gone.
Commercial logging, which is cited as the major cause of forest destruction, continues due to the need for resources. Logging is done to produce timber, which is used to build houses and make furniture. As the population of the world grows, the need for timber also increases. It is feared that the rate of deforestation may increase as the world’s population exponentially grows.
The cutting of trees allows ranchers to clear the land for grazing, which may be done by burning, an action that releases carbon dioxide and poisonous gases into the atmosphere. Open lands covered only with grass lose nutrients and become infertile after several years. Once a land becomes desolate, more forested area will be cleared to compensate for the loss of productive land.
Another reason forest areas are cleared is to provide land for farming. Agriculture is necessary to provide food, but this activity also destroys forests. Farms also face soil degradation issues after some time. This means that the woods will have to be cleared in the future to provide new suitable land for farming.
Road construction is also one of the reasons why there is a major loss of trees in the jungle. In the last 40 years, more than nine thousand miles of road work has been built within the Amazon area. For road construction to occur, some parts of the Amazon need to be cleared. Its’ ecological impact is great during and even after the construction of roads. Immediate destruction of trees and their inhabitants occur during road construction. Once construction is finished, the passage of vehicles become easier, which allows loggers to do their job more quickly.
Mining operations are also notorious for environmental destruction. Although mining allows the extraction of useful minerals and metal ores, the environmental consequences are often extreme. During the 1980s, the so-called Gold Rush occurred in Brazil. This imposed negative impact on the Amazon’s ecosystem, including the loss of trees, death of animals, and pollution of rivers.